No government in the world is prepared to handle an Ebola outbreak

It is possible that there is direct transmission from fruit bats to humans
It is possible that there is direct transmission from fruit bats to humans

EBOLA

Health and fitness site about Ebola.

What about Ebola?

Ebola is a very deadly disease caused by virus. There are five strains, and four of them make people sick.When entering the body, it kills cells, some of them explode. It wrecks the hole immune system, causes difficult bleeding inside the body, and damages just about every organ. Four of the five strains can be able to make people, chimpanzees, gorillas and other kinds of monkeys sick. The fifth virus causes disease in those animals but not in human being. The strain in the current outbreak is the most lethal one.

How to get it?

You get Ebola from a human being who has the virus, and only while he or she has symptoms. People pass it to others through their body fluids. Blood, vomit and stool are the most infectious, However tears , sweat, urine ,semen and breast milk also carry it.

To catch Ebola, you’d have to get these fluids in your mouth, eyes,nose, genitals, or a break in your skin. You could as well pick it up from items that have fluids on them, like sheets or needles.

A reason why Ebola is so terrifying is that there’s no cure YET, and the fatality rate is roughly about 60 to 90 percent. However experts believe someone who recovers would most likely be protected against that strain for about 10 years. That’s because their bodies create substances called antibodies to fight off the disease. It’s likely they could be infected by another Ebola strain, though

Ebola first show up in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976. The outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo happened in a village next to the Ebola River.There have been about 33 Ebola outbreaks since 1976, but the 2014 outbreak in West Africa is by far the biggest. The virus has infected thousands of individuals and killed more than 50 percent. of them. It started in Guinea and spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. Finance minister Amara Konneh said Liberia is at “war with an enemy we don’t see.” A man who went to the U.S. from Africa died of Ebola in October. A nurse who helped treat him came down with Ebola as well.

The Symptoms of Ebola

Ebola can feel like flu or other illnesses. Symptoms show up after 2 to 21 days, but mostly 1 week after infection and usually contain

High fever

Weakness

Headache

Stomach pain

Joint and muscle aches

Sore throat

Lack of appetite

When the disease gets worse, it causes bleeding inside the body and from the eyes, ears , and nose. A number of people will vomit or cough up blood , have bloody diarrhea and get a rash

Vaccine for Ebola?

There is no official medicine or vaccine for Ebola-YET-. Scientists have tested some drugs on animals, which seemed to work. Nevertheless they haven’t studied how the medications affect humans. Researchers are studying two new vaccines that might prevent Ebola.However they still need to test more people to see if they’re safe and if they work.

Prevent It?

The best way to keep away from Ebola is to stay away from areas where the virus is common. If in an outbreak area . Stay away from infected people, their body fluids, and the bodies of |any person who has died from the disease. Keep away from wild animals, like bats and monkeys, and their meat.Wash your hands regularly.

Once you leave the area, watch for changes in your health for about 3 weeks, and get medical help ASAP if you have any kind of symptoms.

A lab study found that Ebola could live for up to 1 week under ideal conditions. But it would not last that long in most places. Household bleach can kill it. U.S. hospitals are very good about cleaning and disinfecting that experts consider the virus could last about 24 hours, at most, in that setting.

Ebola survivors

Ebola survivors hold certain proteins, called antibodies, in their blood that could protect them from the similar strain of the virus for about 10 years or more. But nobody knows if they can be sick from the other strains.

The Ebola virus can stay in semen for nearly 3 months after a man recovers, so he must stay away from sex or use a condom to keep from infecting others.The virus could stay in breast milk for about 2 weeks after recovery, so women should not breastfeed during that time.

Fruit bats

fruit-bat 4

Scientists believe certain fruit bats, called Old World fruit bats or sometime flying foxes, are natural hosts of the Ebola virus. Infected bats could have helped spread this disease in Africa to human being and animals. The virus has been found in antelopes and porcupines as well. People would have gotten it from infected animals’ organs or bodily fluids, such as when handling raw meat from wildlife.

One of the world’s leading experts on zoonotic diseases David Sanders , told Discovery News.

He added, “It is possible that there is direct transmission from fruit bats to humans.”

Some cultures in Africa do consume bat meat, such that Guinea earlier this year ordered a ban on consumption of these flying mammals in an effort to halt the epidemic’s spread.

As for how non-human primates might become infected, they regularly feast on fruits that the bats eat. They also can be capable of kill and eat bats, or scavenge meat from infected carcasses.

Past outbreaks of the virus

Earlier outbreaks of the virus have been linked to people hunting chimps and gorillas for food, or sometimes eating dead apes they find in the jungle. There are no gorillas in West Africa, |therefore specialists think this outbreak is linked to fruit bats.2007 in Uganda, an Ebola outbreak was traced to “a couple of kids playing with fruit bats in a cave. They came home with two dead fruit bats and the mothers cooked them,” said Dr. Estrella Lasry, a tropical medicine advisor to Doctors Without Borders.

Researchers are studying two new vaccines that could prevent Ebola, but they still need to test them in more people to see if they’re safe and if they work.

About Ebola from Health and fitness site

 

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